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Gifted students are gifted students whose individual styles and approaches to learning differ from the general student population. For them to succeed, their curriculum must be designed to harness their intelligence, curiosity, passion, focus, ability to absorb information quickly, and commitment to excellence.
Many students do not reflect this profile. But those who do – the gifted – need the standard curriculum to be changed in a way that provides them with more opportunities to display their special talents.
Acceleration Programs For Gifted Students
In recent years, several theories have been proposed to adjust gifted students. Some researchers recommend techniques such as acceleration or enrichment. Others suggest changes in lessons, assignments, or schedules. And others proposed three different curriculum models. Let’s take a quick look at this theory.
What Is Academic Acceleration?
Acceleration means moving students forward, allowing them to skip assignments or grades when they have demonstrated mastery of a subject. Pretests are often used to identify the level of knowledge and skills of students in a subject before recommending acceleration.
Accelerated gifted students report satisfaction with the experience, and grades and test scores reflect the positive impact of acceleration. The benefits of acceleration are thwarted when the school misunderstands what giftedness is or worries about social interaction with older classmates.
While acceleration is a vertical option, horizontal enrichment. The student does not improve his grades, but he receives additional content to master. That content is often more challenging and requires higher-order thinking skills along the higher levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy, including analyzing, evaluating, and creating.
Non-talented classmates spend their time on lower-level tasks that require memorization, comprehension, and application. Gifted students tend to have strong memories, better understanding of new concepts and principles, and learn to apply what they learn in many different scenarios. They are ready to move on to more challenging requirements.
Acceleration What Factors Should Be Considered When Accelerating Gifted Students To Ensure Their Success?
Lesson modification includes options such as acceleration or enrichment, where open-ended questions stimulate higher level thinking skills and allow students to express their opinions. Open questions provide an opportunity to compare, synthesize, provide insight, hypothesize, hypothesize, and absorb information.
As noted above for acceleration, this characteristic parallels Bloom’s Taxonomy. By using these skills, gifted students can be more aware of current events and can lead class discussions on various topics they are familiar with.
Learning can be changed by choosing a theme or problem that includes various subjects, identifying key concepts to be learned, identifying results or competencies to be achieved, and naming activities that are appropriate for higher thinking.
Gifted students often find ordinary tasks boring or meaningless. This leads to a waste of time, maybe evil and indifference. They should be allowed to reduce or skip these tasks in favor of alternative tasks that are more challenging and may require independent learning.
Meeting The Needs Of Gifted And Talented Students
This approach is called curriculum compression, where easier tasks are condensed to free up time for gifted learners to do more valuable or meaningful things. Mathematical gifted students need to have condensed general math problems so they can learn more advanced math concepts and applications.
In schools, gifted students are often spread across classrooms, so teachers can share responsibility for providing progressive learning opportunities. gifted students can actually help teachers by leading discussions and helping non-gifted students with assignments. But this does not necessarily help gifted students to advance their own knowledge, especially if it is a practice activity.
Gifted students, who are always designed to learn in regular heterogeneous groups, do not benefit as much as they are placed with students with similar abilities. When these students are placed in cooperative learning groups with other gifted students, they learn from each other.
Placing gifted students in the same class also reduces the need for other teachers to create special tasks or learning paths for our school’s gifted students. Many teachers do not need to develop instructional modifications for gifted students.
Academic Acceleration Has No Negative Long Term Effects On The Psychological Well Being Of Gifted Youth
, Joyce VanTassel-Baska discusses developing a challenging curriculum for gifted and talented students. He presents three possible models: content model, product/process model and epistemological model. Each model has its place in the classroom and can be used to teach appropriate subjects in different ways.
The first of these models, the content management model, is based on the acquisition of knowledge and skills in specific subject areas – such as mathematics or science. Each student progresses through the math or science curriculum at their own accelerated pace.
The pre-test of each subject determines the student’s strengths and allows the material that has been learned to be shortened or deleted. In this way, students can practice unfamiliar and more challenging areas.
One problem in this approach for teachers is that it is difficult to control the learning rate of each student. They are all different. Another criticism is that while each student learns a broader knowledge of a given subject through acceleration, students do not learn the depth or quality of knowledge. Still, there are many successful programs that focus on content management.
Importance Of Customizing Gifted Students’ Curriculum
This model is aimed at developing skills related to personal investigation of real problems and finding suitable solutions.
There is no fixed curriculum in this model. The student decides what he studies and what interests him. The focus is not on speed, but on the depth of learning the subject. Students choose a topic and problem, go through the literature and conduct research, investigate possible problems, develop initial solutions and create products and presentations that demonstrate what they have learned. This model supports acceleration and enrichment strategies.
This model is a concept-based model that emphasizes the understanding of information systems rather than specific factual knowledge. It asks students to cover topics from many different subjects in the curriculum.
This model is very suitable for learning humanities and social studies subjects. It can be used to explore the meaning of key social and philosophical ideas throughout history.
Pdf] Acceleration: An Interpretive Study Of Gifted Students Within A Primary School Setting
Three models can be used to differentiate the curriculum for gifted students. And this, along with the proposed changes to the standard curriculum, can provide the enrichment of knowledge and the rapid pace of learning that is so important for the education of gifted students.
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Our largest campus is located in the residential area of Pomona, offering a balanced and enriching educational experience for kindergarten through twelfth grade. “Intellectually gifted” means a child whose intellectual abilities, creativity and potential for achievement are so great that the needs of the child outweigh the differences. general education programming, adversely affects educational performance and requires specially designed teaching or support services. Children from various demographics (eg, all cultures, races, and ethnicities, English learners, all economic strata, twice exceptional, etc.) can be found to have this ability. Children identified as intellectually gifted are exempt from disciplinary procedures under 34 C.F.R. §300.530-537. Children with dual diagnoses that include gifted intellect must be considered children with disabilities and cannot be exempted from disciplinary procedures under 34 C.F.R. §300.530-537. The evaluation standards can be found here.
Pdf) Enrichment And Acceleration: Best Practice For The Gifted And Talented
The latest comprehensive analysis by researchers at the Duke University Talent Identification Program (Duke TIP) and the Center for Talent Development (CTD) determined that grouping students based on ability and allowing students to progress faster can improve the overall academic performance of students. achievement The authors comprehensively reviewed nearly 100 years of research and found the following:
Grouping: The best practice is to group gifted and academically talented students with other students of similar abilities. These students do not grow when they are spread out in a classroom or study group.
Curriculum Grouping: Much research and work has been done to create specific curricula for gifted and academically advanced students. The type of curriculum you choose should be written for a group you work with, published, and/or should win an award. If you group homogeneously in RTI2 or gifted and academically talented students, the curriculum should be designed to meet their needs.
Curricula must be designed specifically for gifted students, they must offer engaging content and experiences, and they must be taught by teachers trained in gifted education. The work should not only be a larger number of the same content. Rather, a sophisticated environmental curriculum should provide higher order thinking skills.
Importance Of Gifted Educational Programs
What do gifted students need to progress? We know that the development of gifted students requires purposeful instruction. A gifted student should receive differentiation in general classes in addition to other programs specifically designed for him (such as pull-out classes or modifications required by the IEP). These differences may include, but are not limited to, those listed below. Many of these differences and strategies overlap, such as questions and violence.
Lessons based on strong questioning encourage higher level thinking. questions,
Test Bank, PDF] Acceleration: An Interpretive Study Of Gifted Students Within A Primary School Setting, Gifted And Talented Students, Talent Development As A Framework For Gifted Education, Gifted Enrichment Success Academy 6th 10th Gr. SPRING 2022, Acceleration Institute, How MTSS Supports Gifted Students, Implement, Differentiation