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Women take part in a strike to demand gender equality and other rights in front of the Argentine Congress in Buenos Aires on March 9, 2020. (Carol Smiljan/Nurphoto via Getty Images)
Is There Still Gender Inequality Today
This report examines national perspectives on gender equality, including the opportunities men and women have and the power to make family decisions. It also examines expectations for the future of gender equality across the country.
Worldwide Optimism About Future Of Gender Equality, Even As Many See Advantages For Men
For this report, we used data from a survey conducted from May 13 to October 2, 2019, with 38,426 respondents in 34 countries. The surveys were conducted face-to-face by telephone across Africa, Latin America and the Middle East, and in the United States and Canada. In the Asia-Pacific region, face-to-face surveys were conducted in India, Indonesia and the Philippines, while telephone surveys were conducted in Australia, Japan and South Korea. Across Europe, surveys were conducted by telephone in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the UK, but also in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Slovakia and face-to-face surveys. Ukraine.
Twenty-five years after the United Nations Declaration and the Forum for Action, the United Nations resolved to take the necessary steps to “remove all barriers to gender equality and progress and the empowerment of women”, supporting support for gender equality around the world. is strong. In 34 countries surveyed by the Pew Research Center, an average of 94% believe it is important for women in their country to have the same rights as men, while 74% say so.
In many countries, women attach greater importance to gender equality than men. However, women are less optimistic than men that women in their countries will achieve equality in the future, and men are likely to live better lives than women.
If people around the world agree with the idea of gender equality, at least four out of ten people think men generally have more opportunities than women when it comes to finding a well-paying job (surveyed). 54% of the 34 countries visited and being a leader in their community (44%). The public sees greater equality in access to quality education – an average of 81% believe men and women have equal opportunities in this field in their country – and reflects their views on politics (63% say that Men and women have equal opportunities). No more than 6% say that women have more opportunities than men in any of these areas.
How To Achieve True Gender Equality In The Workplace
People in most of the European countries surveyed, as well as Japan, South Korea, Israel, Australia, Canada and the United States, say that men in their countries have more opportunities than women to find jobs. high salary. When it comes to being leaders in their community, more than half of people in Nigeria, South Korea, Japan, Turkey, Israel, Lebanon, Italy, Tunisia, Greece, France and Slovakia think they have more women in their country than women. There are more opportunities in
Despite widespread support for gender equality around the world, a significant proportion (on average 40% across countries surveyed) believe that men should have more rights to work than women when jobs are scarce; 56% disagree with this opinion. In some countries, men are more likely than women to say that men deserve special treatment, with double-digit gender differences in Kenya, Nigeria, Bulgaria, South Africa, Israel, Slovakia, Italy, Argentina and the Czech Republic. when they are unemployed. ,
When asked who has a better life in their country, in the 34 countries surveyed, an average of 46 percent said men, 15 percent pointed to women, and 31% volunteered to say no man or woman. life is not better. Most people in France, Spain, Sweden, UK, Canada, USA, Turkey, Australia and the Netherlands think that men have a better life than women in their countries. Tunisia is the only country surveyed that women have a better life than men, although an equitable distribution says women have a better quality of life because men and women have the same quality of life.
In most of the 34 countries surveyed, women are more likely than men to say that men have a better life in their country. The gender gap in this question is largest in Greece (women are 27 percent more likely to say so), Slovakia (25 points), Italy (25), Canada (20), Brazil (20), Hungary (19) and Turkey. (18).
Facts You Need To Know About Gender Inequality In The Eu
The share of men who say they have a better life than women in their own country has increased significantly since 2010 with trends in many countries – possibly as a result of increased awareness of gender issues. Turkey, Britain, South Korea and Japan with gender gaps driven by the #MeToo movement – at least 20 percent. Poland is the only country surveyed in the last two years where a small proportion now say men’s lives are better than in 2010.
While most people see an advantage for men, they are optimistic about the future of gender equality in their country. An average of 75% across the 34 countries surveyed believe that women can have the same rights as men in their country, and 5% of volunteers feel that women have achieved equality in the country.
Men are more optimistic than women about gender equality, with the gender gap at least 10 percentage points in 10 countries and small but significant in another 11. For example, 77% of men in Japan – compared to 58% of women – say it is likely that women in their country will have or already have the same rights as men. Nigeria and the Philippines are the only countries where more women than men expect gender equality.
When it comes to family life, it is believed that men and women have equal influence in making important decisions in their homes. A national average of 34 out of 55% say they have a similar impact on important household financial decisions, 56% say the same about parenting styles and 62% say about decisions about religious rituals in the family They say so. When it comes to people’s perceptions of differences, however, men are generally found to have a greater influence than women in household financial decisions, while women are generally found to have a greater influence than women, but in child rearing. They have a greater influence on nutrition decisions.
Progress Toward Gender Equality In The United States Has Slowed Or Stalled
In almost every country surveyed, the majority say that a marriage in which both husband and wife work and take care of the household is more satisfactory than a marriage in which the husband supports the family and the wife takes care of the household and children. does. However, a majority in many countries say that a more traditional marriage is preferable, including four out of ten in India, Indonesia, Lebanon, Turkey and Tunisia.
These are among the main findings from the Pew Research Center conducted among 38,426 people in 34 countries from May 13 to October 2, 2019.
Most people agree that it is important for women to have the same rights as men in their countries. Of the 34 countries surveyed, an average of 94% hold this view, with almost all countries including Sweden, the Netherlands, France, the US, Canada, Germany, Greece, Spain, Australia, Argentina, the UK and Hungary.
It is important that men and women have equal rights in their country. However, the portion supporting this strong sentiment varies from country to country.
Sixteen Defining Moments For Gender Equality In 2022
In Sweden, the most egalitarian country surveyed based on indicators from the World Economic Forum and the United Nations Development Program, 96% believe gender equality is very important to the girl child. By comparison, smaller shares hold this view in Tunisia (44%) and Nigeria (43%), two countries with high levels of gender inequality. Strong support for gender equality is less common in Kenya, Russia, South Korea and Ukraine.
In each country, the views of men and women often differ. In 20 countries, women are more likely than men to say that gender equality is very important. This gender gap is greatest in Kenya and Nigeria, where a small percentage generally consider equal rights important. More than half of Nigerian women (54%) believe gender equality is very important, compared to only 31% of men. And while 64% of Kenyan women say gender equality is very important, only 40% of Kenyan men share the same opinion. In many countries where the majority support equality, men and women have differing views.
The United States is the only country where more men than women say that it is important for men and women to have equal rights. But even if the difference is statistically significant, it is small: 93% of men hold this view compared to 89% of women.
Educational attainment is also related to the notion of gender equality. In 26 countries, people with higher education are more likely than those who believe that it is very important for women to have the same rights as men.
Gender And Gender Inequality
The biggest difference is between Lithuania and the Czech Republic. three zones
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